当前位置:主页 > 医疗资讯 > 医疗动态 >

  • 泰国康民医院试管婴儿辅助生殖医学词汇表

    时间:19-01-10 浏览: 来源:泰国康民医院中国办事处

    描述:Infertility(clinicaldefinition):adiseaseofthereproductivesystemdefinedbythefailureto achieveaclinicalpregnancyafter12monthsormoreofregularunprotectedsexualintercourse. 不孕不育 Initiatedcycle:anARTcycleinwhichthewomanreceivesspecific

    泰国康民国际医院

    Infertility(clinicaldefinition):adiseaseofthereproductivesystemdefinedbythefailureto
    achieveaclinicalpregnancyafter12monthsormoreofregularunprotectedsexualintercourse.
    不孕不育

    Initiatedcycle:anARTcycleinwhichthewomanreceivesspecificmedicationforovarian
    stimulation,ormonitoringinthecaseofnaturalcycles,withtheintentiontotreat,irrespectiveof
    whetherornotfollicularaspirationisattempted.
    启动周期

    Laparoscopy–anabdominalsurgicalprocedureusinganendoscopic(fibreoptictelescope)
    equipmenttovisualizetheinterioroftheabdomen,mainlytheuterus,fallopiantubesovariesand
    otherorgans.Thelaparoscopemayalsobeusedtoperformsurgicalprocedures,withtheuse
    ofotherspecializedequipment.
    腹腔镜检查

    Livebirth
    活产Livebirthrate活产率

    Livedelivery:alivedeliveryisthedeliveryofoneormoreliveborninfants,withthebirthoftwins,
    tripletsormorecountedasonelivedelivery.
    活胎分娩

    Lowbirthweight:abirthweightoflessthan2,500grams.
    低出生体重

    LH–Luteinizinghormone,producedandreleasedbythepituitarygland,andisresponsible
    forthematurationandreleaseoftheegginfemaleandtestosteroneproductioninthemale.
    黄体生成素(促黄体素)

    LutealPhase-Daysofthemenstrualcycleafterovulationandendingwithmensesduring
    whichprogesteroneisproduced.
    黄体期

    LuteinizedUnrupturedFollicle(LUF)Syndrome-Clinicalindicationsthatovulationhasoccurred
    (bloodhormonalchanges,temperatureriseontheBBTchart,appropriatesecreting
    endometriumfoundonendometrialbiopsy)buttheeggisnotreleasedfromtheovary;
    thefollicularsacisunrupturedandtheeggistrapped.
    黄素化综合症

    Menstruation-Sheddingoftheuterineliningbybleedingthat,intheabsenceofpregnancy,
    normallyoccursaboutonceamonthinthematurefemale.
    月经

    MESA–MicrosurgicalEpididymalSpermAspiration
    显微附睾精子穿刺

    MESE:microsurgicalepididymalspermextraction.
    显微附睾取精术

    Micromanipulation:atechnologythatallowsmicro-operativeprocedurestobeperformedonthe
    spermatozoon,oocyte,zygote,orembryo.
    显微操作

    MicroTESE:Microsurgicaltesticularspermextraction.
    显微睾丸取精术

    Missedabortion:aclinicalabortionwheretheembryo(s)orfetus(es)is/arenonviableandis/are
    notexpelledspontaneouslyfromtheuterus.
    稽留流产

    Multiplegestation/birth:apregnancy/deliverywithmorethanonefetus/neonate.
    多胎分娩

    Myomectomy-Surgicalremovalofatumor(myoma)intheuterinemuscularwall.
    子宫肌瘤切除术

    NaturalcycleIVF:anIVFprocedureinwhichoneormoreoocytesarecollectedfromtheovaries
    duringaspontaneousmenstrualcyclewithoutanydruguse.
    自然周期IVF

    Necrospermia-Conditioninwhichspermareproducedandfoundinthesemenbutarenotalive
    andareunabletofertilizeeggs.
    死精症

    Neonatalperiod:thetimeintervalthatcommencesatbirthandends28completeddaysafter
    birth.
    新生儿期

    Oligo-ovulation-Infrequentovulation,usuallylessthansixovulatorycyclesperyear.
    排卵少

    Oligospermia-Abnormallylownumberofspermintheejaculateofthemale.
    少精症

    Oocyte(egg):afemalereproductivecell.
    卵子,卵母细胞

    OPU(oocytepick-up):theproceduretocollectoocytesfromovaries,usuallybyultrasound-guided
    transvaginalaspirationandrarelybylaparoscopicsurgery.
    取卵术

    OvarianFailure(OF)-Inabilityoftheovarytorespondtoanygonodotropic
    hormonestimulation,usuallyduetomenopause.
    卵巢早衰

    OHSS(ovarianhyperstimulationsyndrome):thecomplicationofovulationstimulation
    therapy,whichinvolvestheadministrationoffolliclestimulatinghormone(FSH).OHSS
    symptomsincludeabdominalpainandfluidretention.
    卵巢过度刺激综合症

    Ovaries-Sexualglandsofthefemalethatproducethehormonesestrogenandprogesteroneand
    inwhichtheovaaredeveloped.Therearetwoovaries,oneoneachsideofthepelvis.
    卵巢

    Ovariantorsion:partialorcompleterotationoftheovarianvascularpediclethatcauses
    obstructiontoovarianbloodflow,potentiallyleadingtonecrosisofovariantissue.
    卵巢扭转

    Ovulation-Dischargeofamatureegg,usuallyataboutthemidpointofthemenstrualcycle.
    排卵

    Ovulationinduction(OI):pharmacologictreatmentofwomenwithanovulationoroligo-ovulation
    withtheintentionofinducingnormalovulatorycycles.
    促排卵

    OvulatoryDysfunction-Problemexistingintheovary-eithertheeggisnotreleasedfromthe
    ovarianfollicleortheprocessofeggdevelopmentisabnormal.
    排卵功能障碍

    Parity:aclassificationofawomanintermsofthenumberofpreviouspregnancies
    experiencedthatreached20weeksormoregestation.
    产次

    Parous:referstoawomanwhohashadatleastonepreviouspregnancyof20weeksormore
    gestation.
    经产的

    Perinataldeath:afetaldeath(stillbirth)orneonataldeathofatleast20weeksgestationorat
    least400gramsbirthweight.
    围产儿死亡

    PelvicInflammatoryDisease(PID)-Inflammatorydiseaseofthepelvis,oftencausedbyinfection
    orendometriosis.
    盆腔炎

    PESA–PercutaneousEpididymalSpermAspiration
    经皮附睾精子穿刺

    Pituitary-Glandlocatedatthebaseofthehumanbrainthatsecretesanumberofimportant
    hormonesrelatedtonormalgrowthdevelopmentandfertility.
    脑垂体

    PolycysticOvarian(PCO)Syndrome-Developmentofmultiplecystsintheovariesdueto
    arrestedfolliclegrowth.ThisiscausedbyanimbalanceintheamountofLHandFSHreleased
    duringtheovulatorycycle.
    多囊卵巢综合症(PCOS)

    PostcoitalTesting(PCT)-Diagnostictestforinfertilityinwhichvaginalandcervicalsecretionsare
    obtainedatthetimeofsuspectedovulationandfollowingintercourse.Thesesecretionsare
    analyzedunderamicroscope.Normaltestresultsshouldshowlargenumbersoflive,motilesperm
    andacharacteristic"ferning"patternofcervicalmucus.
    性交后试验

    PGD(preimplantationgeneticdiagnosis):aprocedurewhereembryoniccellsareremovedand
    screenedforchromosomaldisordersorgeneticdiseasesbeforeembryotransfer.
    胚胎植入前遗传学诊断

    PGS(preimplantationgeneticscreening):analysisofpolarbodies,blastomeres,or
    trophectodermfromoocytes,zygotes,orembryosforthedetectionofaneuploidy,mutation,
    and/orDNArearrangement.
    胚胎植入前遗传学筛查

    Preterm:agestationoflessthan37weeks.
    早产

    PrimaryInfertility-Inabilitytoconceiveafteroneyearofregular,unprotectedintercourse(after6
    monthsifthewomanisoverage35)foracouplewhohasneverhadababy.
    原发不孕

    Progesterone-Hormonesecretedbythecorpusluteumoftheovaryafterovulationhasoccurred.
    Itisresponsibleforpreparingtheuterusforpregnancy.Alsomaintainstheplacentaduringearly
    pregnancytopreventtheembryofrommiscarriage.
    孕酮

    Prostate-Glandinthemalethatsurroundsthefirstportionoftheurethranearthebladder.It
    secretesaliquidthatbalancesacidintheurethraandstimulatesmovementofthesperm.
    前列腺

    Recipientcycle:anARTtreatmentcycleinwhichawomanreceivesoocytesorembryosfrom
    anotherwoman.
    受赠周期

    Recurrentspontaneousabortion/miscarriage:thespontaneouslossoftwoormoreclinical
    pregnancies.
    反复流产

    RetrogradeEjaculation-Dischargeofspermbackwardintothebladderratherthanforward
    throughthepenis.
    逆行射精

    RetrovertedUterus-Uterusthatisflexedseverelyforwardorbackward.
    子宫后倾

    Salpingolysis-Surgerytoremoveadhesionsonthefallopiantubes.
    输卵管粘连分离术

    Salpingoplasty-Surgerytocorrectblockedfallopiantubes.
    输卵管复通术

    Scrotum-Bagofskinandthinmusclethatholdsthetesticles.
    阴囊

    SecondaryInfertility-Inabilitytoconceiveafter6monthsofregularunprotectedintercourse,or
    carryapregnancywhenatleastonepartnerhassuccessfullyconceivedorcarriedoneormore
    pregnancies.
    继发性不孕

    Secondarysexratio:thenumberofmalelivebornbabiesper100femalelivebornbabies.
    性别比

    SemenAnalysis-Studyoffreshejaculateunderthemicroscopetocountthenumberofmillion
    spermpermilliliterorcubiccentimeter,tochecktheshapeandsizeofthesperm(morphology),
    andtonotetheirabilitytomove(motility).
    精液分析

    Semen-Composedofelementsformedbythetestes(sperm)andthemaleaccessoryglands
    (prostateandseminalvesicle).Onlyasmallpartofthevisibleejaculate(semen)comesfromthe
    testicle.
    精液

    SeminalVesicle-Pairofpouchlikeglandsaroundtheprostateinthemalethatproduceathick
    alkalinesecretionthatisaddedtospermduringejaculation.
    精囊腺

    SeminiferousTubules-Longtubesinthetesticlesinwhichspermareformed.
    曲细精管

    SexuallyTransmittedDisease(STD)-Anyinfectionpertainingtoortransmittedby
    sexualintercourse.ThemostcommonSTDsaregonorrhea,herpesandAIDS.SomeSTDs
    arereadilytreatableifmedicalhelpissoughtearly.CertainSTDscancauseinfertilityinbothmen
    andwomenifuntreated.
    性病

    Sperm(Spermatozoa)-Malereproductivecellsthathavemeasurablecharacteristicssuchas:
    Motility-Referstothepercentageofspermdemonstratinganytypeofforwardmovement.
    Count(orDensity)-Referstothenumberofspermpresent.
    Morphology-Referstotheformorshapeofthesperm.
    Viability-Referstowhetherthespermarealive.
    精子

    SpermAntibodies-Presenceofspermantibodiesinthewomanormanthattendtodestroy
    spermactionbyimmobilizingthespermormakingthemclumptogether.
    精子抗体

    SpermWashing-Techniquethatseparatesthespermfromtheseminalfluid.
    精子洗涤

    Spermatogenesis-Productionofspermwithintheseminiferoustubules.
    精子发生

    Spinnbarkeit-Stretchabilityofcervicalmucus.Thisisaroughmeasureofhoweasilyspermcells
    canenterandpenetratethecervicalsecretions.
    粘液成丝现象

    SplitEjaculate-Methodofcollectingasemenspecimensothatthefirsthalfoftheejaculateis
    caughtinonecontainerandtherestinasecondcontainer.Thefirsthalfusuallycontainsthe
    majorityofthespermandisthenusedtoinseminatethewoman.
    分程射精

    Spontaneousabortion/miscarriage:thespontaneouslossofaclinicalpregnancybefore20
    completedweeksofgestationalage(18weeksafterfertilization)or,ifgestationalageisunknown,
    thelossofanembryo/fetusoflessthan400g.
    自然流产

    SurrogateMother-Womanwhobecomespregnantthroughinseminationwiththespermofthe
    malepartnerofaninfertilewomanandthen,followingpregnancyandbirth,turnsthechild
    overforadoptionbythecouple.
    代孕妈妈

    Thawcycle:anARTtreatmentcycleinwhichcryopreservedembryosarethawedwith
    theintentionofperformingembryotransfer.
    解冻周期

    Thawedembryo:anembryothawedaftercryopreservation.Itisusedinthawcycles.
    解冻的胚胎(冻胚)

    Testes-Malesexualglandsofwhichtherearetwo.Containedinthescrotum,theyproducethe
    malehormonetestosteroneandproducethemalereproductivecells,thesperm.
    睾丸

    TesticularBiopsy-Smallsurgicalexcisionoftesticulartissuetodeterminetheabilityofthecellsto
    producenormalspermortodiagnosepossibleneoplasm.
    睾丸活检

    TesticularFailure-Occurswhenthetestesdonotproduceanormalnumberofmaturespermand
    whenthehormonesneededfornormalspermproduction(LH,FSH)areabnormallyelevated.
    睾丸衰竭

    Testosterone-Mostpotentmalesexhormone,whichisproducedinthetesticles.
    睾酮

    TESA–TesticularSpermAspiration
    睾丸精子抽吸术(睾丸穿刺)

    TESE–TesticularSpermExtraction
    睾丸精子提取

    ThyroidGland-Glandlocatedatthefrontbaseoftheneckthatsecretesthethyroidhormone,
    foundtobenecessaryfornormalfertility.
    甲状腺

    TubalPatency-Unobstructedandopenfallopiantubes.
    输卵管通畅

    Uterus-Hollowmuscularorganinthewomanthatholdsandnourishesthefetusuntilthetimeof
    birth.
    子宫

    Vagina-Muscularopeninginthewomanextendingfromthevulvatothecervixoftheuterus.
    阴道

    Vaginismus-Spasmofthemusclesaroundtheopeningofthevagina,makingpenetrationduring
    sexualintercourseeitherimpossibleorverypainful.Canbecausedbyphysicalorpsychological
    conditions.
    阴道痉挛

    Varicocele-Collectionofvaricoseveinsinthescrotum.Bloodflowsinanabnormaldirectionin
    theseveinstowardthetesticleratherthanthenormaldirectionwhichisalwaystowardtheheart.
    Elevatedscrotalheatresults.
    精索静脉曲张

    VasDeferens-Pairofthick-walledtubesabout45cmlonginthemalethatleadfromthe
    epididymistotheejaculatoryductintheprostate.
    输精管

    Vasectomy-Surgerytoexcisepartofthevasdeferenstosterilizeaman.
    输精管切除术

    Viscosity-Thicknessofsemen.
    粘性

    Vitrification:anultra-rapidcryopreservationmethodthatpreventsiceformationwithinthe
    suspensionwhichisconvertedtoaglass-likesolid.
    玻璃化冷冻

    Vulva-Externalgenitaliaofthefemale.
    外阴

    ZIFT–ZygoteIntrafallopianTransfer(transferofthefertilizedovumorzygoteinanormal
    fallopiantube)
    合子输卵管内转移:现在很少用

    ZonaPellucida-Outercoveringoftheegg/embryo.
    透明带

    Zygote-Eggthathasbeenfertilizedbuthasnotyetdivided.
    受精卵,合子
     

    精子sperm:

    密度density
    活力vitality
    活率motilityrate
    形态morphology
    顶体acrosome
    顶体酶Acrosin
    卵子oocyte:
    GV期,MI期,MII期(成熟卵母细胞)

    胚胎Embryo:

    早期胚胎earlyembryo卵裂期胚胎cleavageembryo桑椹胚morula
    囊胚(blastula、Blastocyst)早期囊胚earlyblastocyst
    扩张囊胚expandedblastocyst孵化囊胚Hatchedblastocyst(HB)

    【泰国康民国际医院VIP咨询通道】

    下一篇:没有了
客服 来电 Q Q 微信 路线
首页

来电

温馨提示:
本次通话全程免费,该项服务不向您收取任何电话费用。
您可以直接拨打:023-62825553 (9:00-22:00)